The estate tax exemption rose to $5,000,000 in 2012 (indexed for inflation to $5,430,000 in 2015). So, unless your estate is worth more than this amount (or $10,860,000 or above for a married couple), then in Virginia, it is unlikely that your estate will have estate tax liability. The applicable exemption amount will continue to be indexed for inflation each year, and there is now a portability provision that allows couples to count one another's unused federal estate exemption.
Yes, absolutely. The exemption amounts listed above are always subject to change.
A regular visit with the attorneys at Stapleton Elder Law helps ensure that your estate plan will still work as originally designed, even if the estate tax exemption or other laws are changed. Furthermore, a yearly check-up provides an opportunity to make any needed course corrections based on your present situation and your future goals. The attorneys at Stapleton Elder Law will have a checklist of items to review about your estate plan, but you can ask about these:
In January 2013, Congress passed the American Tax Relief Act of 2012 ("ATRA"), and President Obama signed the bill into law that same month. One important part of ATRA was to permanently implement the "portability" of the applicable exemption amount between spouses, as originally enacted by the Tax Relief, Unemployment Insurance Reauthorization, and Job Creation Act of 2010. Be sure to ask your estate planning attorney about these portability provisions. You may have to draft a new will and amend your existing revocable living trust plans. You need to do this prior to your death or your surviving spouse may be limited by your existing estate plan.
When it comes to estate planning, Roth IRAs provide one huge advantage over other tax-favored retirement accounts. If you die, your heirs can dip into an inherited Roth account without owing any federal income tax, as long as the account has been open for more than five years! So open a Roth account now to start that five-year clock ticking. Should federal income tax rates go up in the future (and many experts believe that they will), funds in your Roth IRA will be unaffected. As an added bonus, a Roth IRA in your name is exempt from the required minimum distribution (RMD) rules. These rules usually require you to begin taking taxable withdrawals from other types of tax-favored retirement accounts — like traditional IRAs — after reaching age 70½. With those accounts, failure to withdraw the proper RMD amount for a year will result in a 50% penalty on the difference between the amount you should have taken out and what you actually took out (if anything). However, with a Roth IRA, you can keep the balance undisturbed for as long as you want and continue to earn federal-income-tax-free income and gains. When you pass on, your Roth IRA balances can be left to your heirs. They are then allowed to withdraw the money federal income tax free.
You can take advantage of salary reduction contributions to a tax-favored employee benefit account to reduce your taxable income, as well as your federal and state income taxes. [For 2015, the maximum salary reduction contribution to a company 401(k) plan this year is $18,000 ($24,000 if you will be age 50 or older by the end of 2015).]
To decrease your tax liability, consider one of a number of gifting strategies to shift assets to your children or a charity without tax consequences. The annual gift exclusion is $14,000 in 2015, which means that you can give $14,000 per individual ($28,000 per married couple) to as many people as you desire without impacting your lifetime exemption.
You also can front-load your 529 college savings plan accounts for children or grandchildren. These accounts can be front-loaded with five years' worth of annual exclusion gifts at one time without incurring any taxable gift. This, in essence, removes these funds and future income taxes on them from your estate, and the earnings in these accounts will grow tax-deferred. Provided the distributions are used for qualified higher education expenses, they are also federal income tax free!
If you have not created a comprehensive estate plan and evaluated the impact of various taxes on your estate, then you need to speak with the experienced estate planning attorneys at Stapleton Elder Law now. Contact our office to attend a free workshop on these and other estate planning issues.